Do you know about pathology? Do you know that disease is studied in pathology? We all know that diseases have a bad effect on health. But if these diseases can be detected on time and they are treated as soon as possible, then it becomes easy to get rid of many diseases, and medical science is constantly engaged in getting rid of these diseases. It is one of the many branches of this medical science.
The meaning of pathology and stem pathology is the study of suffering. The study of diseases and their treatment is the focus of pathology. It is the bridge between science and medicine and is also very important. Now in such a situation, you should also know what is pathology and how it works. So let us know today, to give complete information about pathology.
Because there is no compromise when it comes to health. At least we should know. So let’s know. It is a general term describing the study of diseases and injuries occurring in the human body. Pathology is the first step in the diagnosis process and helps doctors to properly diagnose and treat patients. You know that almost seven percent of medical decisions are dependent on pathology. For the prevention of many diseases, pathology is necessary for their early detection, diagnosis, and also for treatment.
Pathology is of paramount importance in the detection and treatment of most medical conditions, from cancer to diabetes, heart disease, infections, and infertility. In this, samples of body cells, body tissues, and body fluids such as blood and urine are analyzed and experts in this field identify any abnormality. By doing analysis, they come to know the region of the problem. How fast the disease is progressing and how this condition is affecting the functions and processes of the body, this analysis also shows.
Pathology has a role in every stage of life. You can see for yourself if you want. A pregnant woman has to get anemia and glucose testing done, then the test is done to detect chromosome abnormality in the fetus. After that, there are many tests for children to teenagers like polio, mums, measles, rubella testing, and genetic disorders. There are also tests for health conditions such as cholesterol, diabetes, heart problems, cancer, thyroid, and arthritis when testing and becoming an adult. In this way, pathology continues to play an important role in everything in life. Pathology is a broad factor of medicine, so it also has branches and its three main branches are Anatomy, Pathology, Clinical Pathology, and Molecular Pathology.
First, talk about anatomy pathology, then it is a study of anatomy features. Such as the study of tissue removed from the body so that the disease can be diagnosed and more can be known about it. This may also include looking at the cells under a microscope and investigating the chemical properties of the cells. Its primary role is to identify abnormalities to help diagnose disease and manage treatment. Its use is mostly to help identify and manage different types of tumors or cancers, but it also validates conditions such as kidney and liver diseases, auto-immune disorders, and infections.
There are also many subcategories in anatomy pathology. For example, the first is surgical pathology, in which the tissues removed during surgery are examined, which can be diagnosed by examining small pieces of tumor tissue to find out whether this tumor is cancerous or not and to diagnose it. This process is called biopsy. The second is history pathology, in which the cells stem from the midwife are viewed and examined under a microscope, as the dye makes the cells easier to see.
The third is Site Pathology, also known as Scientology. In this, cells of body fluids such as blood, urine, and body tissue samples are examined under a microscope to detect abnormal cells and are number four. Autopsy Pathology. It is also called post-examination and is a specialized surgical procedure that is performed to determine the region of death. What were the diseases of the patient who died and to what level had they spread? An autopsy is done for such information.
After Anatomy, Pathology, and its sub-categories, let us know about the next branch of Pathology, Clinical Pathology. In clinical pathology, disease is diagnosed through laboratory analysis of body fluids and tissues. Where tissue or organ samples taken from surgery are examined in anatomy and pathology. In clinical pathology, lab tests are performed on body fluids such as urine, blood, and saliva. If you know all the categories of this branch, it is number one in chemical pathology, which is also known as clinical chemistry. In this, chemical analysis of the body is done through testing and a microscope.
As in the study of its immune components such as blood and white blood cells. The second is metrology. Blood is also studied in this, But its focus is to detect blood-related diseases. In this, the study of bone marrow and lymph systems is also done and the third is immunology or immunopathology. Clinical pathology is a subcategory that deals with the study of immune system disorders. It deals with the immune response to foreign molecules entering the body, allergies, and organ transplant rejection and after learning about clinical pathology and its three nature subcategories, comes to the third branch of pathology, which is molecular pathology.
In molecular pathology, abnormal cities of tissues and cells are studied at the molecular level. This study is done by combining the aspects of genetics, molecular biology, and biochemistry along with anatomy and clinical pathology. It has a subcategory Medical Microbiology Pathology, in which the isolation and identification of microbial agents such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi that cause infections and diseases is done and in this way, the three main branches of pathology and their subcategories are known.
Now further want that in pathology the medical doctors or medical professionals who study health conditions are called pathologists. They are also called trained specialist physicians. They study medical conditions using human tissue, blood, urine, and other body fluids. They provide the necessary information to diagnose and monitor medical conditions and can also diagnose all kinds of diseases in a better way through research. There are also different types of pathologists, such as Medical Examiner, Site Technologist, and Zomato Pathologist System, etc.