How Your Digestive System Breaks Down Food: A Simple Explanation - Hang UK Health

How Your Digestive System Breaks Down Food: A Simple Explanation

Hello friends, tell me one thing. If you were asked what you like to eat, what would you say? Kheer, Jalebi, Rajma Chawal, Pizza, Burger, Momos, and don’t know what else. No no, you have a very long list and if after this you are asked that you digest all this then what would you say? Now many people will say that my digestion is very strong. Maybe some people will say that my digestion is very weak, it is very weak. Now the question comes, What is digestion? How the food we eat gets digested how the nutrients get to the body from it and how the nutrients get to the body from it.

That is, overall, we want to know how our digestive system, that is, the digestive system of the human body, walks so that we can also get some help in its proper functioning and it is also very easy for us to digest Chole Kulche with Dal Roti. Could Looks like it is going to be very interesting and that is what is important. That’s why support ideas. Now you must know that our body gets energy from food and due to food, the body can perform functions like growth and repair. The work of converting the food we eat into its simple form i.e. glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids is done by the digestive system and then this food gets absorbed in the bloodstream, and its nutrients are delivered to every cell of the body.

Let’s go one interesting thing is that we like to eat different types of food while traveling, in the same way, food moves through our body while traveling because the digestive tract starts from the mouth and ends at the anus. It is like a long muscular tube, which is about nine meters long. That is, this journey of eating is also very long and many digestive organs are also attached on its way.

Now, before knowing what is this digestive tract and how food is digested, let us also take a look at why digestion is so important. So the answer is that our body gets nutrients from food, which are essential for the proper functioning of the body and such nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water. Now the work of breaking these nutrients into small parts is done by the digestive system so that it can be absorbed in the body give energy, and help in growth and cell repair. In this process, proteins are broken down into amino acids, fats into fatty acids and glycerol, and carbohydrates into simple sugars.

Now, after knowing the importance of digestion, it will be more useful to understand its process. That’s why let’s go ahead and know more closely about the digestive system. Our digestive system is made up of hollow and solid organs, in which the GI tract is a series of hollow organs, including the mouth, vagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus, which are the following organs through which food travels. Whereas the pancreas, gall bladder, and liver are solid organs that release juices that bind food in such a way that the body can easily absorb nutrients and fats.

The digestive system is home to trillions of bacteria, also known as the microbiome, which are helpful in digestion. And now begins the interesting journey of food. Through these stoppages, the first stoppage is the mouth, from where this digestive tract begins and you will be surprised to know that the process of digestion starts even before taking a bite of your favorite Panipuri. As soon as you smell food or see it, your saliva glands become active and after that, you start eating, chew it and saliva i.e. saliva gets mixed in it, which easily converts it into liquid form. Helps in converting which the body can easily absorb. And when you swallow, your tongue passes the chewed food to the throat and vagus. Now the next stoppage is the vagus which is located in the throat and is close to the track.

There is such a muscular contraction in this vagus that delivers food to the stomach. This contraction is called the par slices and the next stoppage comes the stomach which can also be called a container in which food is held. As long as the stomach enzymes do not mix in it. These enzymes break down food into simpler forms so that it can be used, and the lining of the stomach secretes the strong acid HCL, or hydrochloric acid, which helps in the breakdown, digestion, and absorption of nutrients like proteins. Apart from this, to protect the body from infection, this HCL also shows the way out of harmful bacteria by creating a highly acidic environment in the stomach.

Apart from HCL, many popular enzymes are also involved in this breakdown process. And when the work of the stomach is completed, then the food is delivered to the small intestine. This means the next stoppage of food is the small intestine. It is a 22-foot-long muscular tube that receives enzymes from the pancreas and bile juice from the liver to break down food.

By the way, see the interesting thing that the small intestine of an adult human is about 20 feet long, While the large intestine is only up to five feet long. The reason for this is that the main diameter of the small intestine is less in comparison to the large intestine. That is why it is called the small intestine. Let’s know more about it. It is also involved in the process of paresis in the small intestine, which involves moving the food through and mixing it with digestive juices. It has three segments, Dude, Enum, Jeju, and Allium Dude. Anum is responsible for the continuous breaking down process while Jeju Na and Allium are responsible for the replacement of nutrients in the blood stream. And when the nutrients are absorbed and the remaining liquid food moves through the small intestine, it moves into the large intestine or colon. That is, the next stoppage is the large intestine, before reaching which it would be better to know the contribution of the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder because food in the small intestine helps in the breakdown process.

But what does this help do? So see. The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes, which break down proteins and carbohydrates, and the liver secretes bile juice into the small intestine, which helps in the digestion of fats and certain foods. Apart from these, what does the gallbladder do, it stores it by taking juice from the liver and then releases it on the due date so that the digestion and junction of fats can take place. That means their contribution is no less. Let’s move on to the next stoppage of the food journey, which is the large intestine. The large intestine i.e. the colon is responsible for processing food waste. It is a five-foot-long muscular tube, that connects the small intestine completely, and the waste of the digestive process, i.e. stool, passes through slices through the colon and goes into the rectum.

This is how the rectum that connects the colon to the anus is stopped. Its average length ranges from 10 to 15 cm. The function of the rectum is to receive stool from the colon and is the last page of the digestive tract. Anus through which the waste is expelled and thus the journey of food is completed.

That means the process of digestion is complete. But if this process of digestion is not completed properly, then many health issues can occur, such as constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, stomach flu, and ulcers. Apart from this, many such issues come in common digestive system diseases ie gastrointestinal diseases, and disorders. GERD, Gastro Begal Reflux Disease, IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Lactose Intolerance, GI Cancer i.e. Gastrointestinal Cancer, Cross Disease, and Celiac Disease.

If you want to stay away from diseases and disorders related to such digestive system, then some very simple things have to be kept in mind, which we often forget. For example, water should be drunk in sufficient amounts so that the problem of constipation does not come. Fruits and vegetables should be included in your diet and processed food should be kept away from your plate.

Fiber should be added to your diet so that digestion becomes easier and helps in regular bowel movement. Overeating should be avoided and the food should be chewed properly so that enough saliva can be found in the food which makes food digestion easy. One should remain active through exercise and keep a habit of walking after some time of eating so that the food can be digested more easily.

Abstain from alcohol and smoking to avoid conditions such as heartburn, acid reflux, and stomach ulcers, and manage stress. Because stress is associated with constipation, diarrhea, and digestive issues. So stay away from stress. Develop this healthy food choice and enjoy your food while being happy so that your digestive system will also feel happy and you will remain in good health you have also to know the process of digestion and what you can do to keep it better. Yes, you know this too. That’s why there should be a little concern for your good digestion and what you have to eat for this.

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