By the way, you must remember that line Do Boond Zindagi Ki. So can you tell which disease is associated with the Do Boond Zindagi Ki campaign? Yes, correctly identified with polio disease. So what is this polio disease? This causes this disease and who else can get it? So let’s start and learn about polio disease.
Polio, also known as polio highlights, is a disease caused by the poliovirus. It is a highly infectious disease that mostly affects children under the age of five. But this disease can also happen in adults. Its virus content can spread through force to post-related water and destroy the delicate cells present in the spinal cord, causing paralysis or weakening of the muscles of some parts of the body. According to the WHO, one out of every 200 polio infections results in permanent paralysis. Poliovirus, which is called wild poliovirus, has three strains, type one, type two, type C, type two, and type three have been removed worldwide.
But the type 1 wild poliovirus has not been completely eradicated yet and cases of this type 1 virus are being found in some countries like Pakistan and Afghanistan. Now the next question is from which region the disease occurs, then its spread is mainly through the fecal-oral route. Fecal-oral route of disease is a particular route of transmission, in which pathogens present in fecal particles are passed from person to person by mouse.
The main areas of transmission of this type of disease are lack of sanitation and poor hygiene. That is, this infectious disease is transmitted by coming in contact with infected PC i.e. feces. That’s why in areas where there is a shortage of water or a lack of flush toilets, the disease spreads more by using content-related drinking water from infected human waste and this disease spreads so fast and is so contagious. It is believed that a person who lives with a person affected by polio can also catch the virus. That means he can also get polio infection. Apart from rated water in the country, this infection also spreads through country minute booths.
This virus can also be spread by sneezing and coughing because the virus lives in the throat and intestine. Although this happens very rarely. You should also know that polio infection can happen if you do not take care of small things. Not washing hands thoroughly after using the bathroom. Not washing hands when stool is touched while changing diapers of children. Eating food items that have come in contact with dirty water. Swimming in dirty water. Not taking proper distance and precaution while sneezing and coughing and touching dirty places.
That is, if these things are taken care of, then the spread of polio infection can be prevented to a great extent. But how does this virus affect the body and which people are at high risk of it? After entering the body, the polio virus multiplies in the intestine, and after that, it can attack the nervous system. People with weak immune systems, pregnant women, and young children are more at risk. Many times when children’s toys come in contact with infected body waste while moving from here to there and children take them in their mouth while playing with them, then the chances of this infection going inside them increase. Apart from this, people who have not taken the polio vaccine, if they travel in areas where there has been a recent polio outbreak or in areas where there is no cleanliness, then the risk of getting polio will be very high.
Apart from this, even if the vaccine has not been taken the person who gets tonsils removed, will also be at risk of polio infection. That’s why it is better to take care of all these things so that polio infection can be avoided and its spread can also be stopped. And now we come to know the different types of this disease. Polio infections are of three types. Number one sub-clinical. This type does not show any symptoms as it does not affect the central nervous system including the brain and spinal cord. Ninety-five percent of polio cases are of this type.
Number two is this type of non-para latent polio, which affects the central nervous system, but does not cause paralysis, and number three is paralysis, which is the most serious form of polio and is also rare. There is partial or total paralysis in this. This polio type is also of three types. The first is spinal polio which affects the spine. Polio at the head bridge which fixes the brain stem and the third is bulbul spinal polio which affects the spine and brain stem.
After understanding these polio types, let us know what are the symptoms of polio. We learned a little earlier in the video that about 95% of people who come in contact with the polio virus have no symptoms, no symptoms, and this is all called clinical polio. But infected people can spread the disease even without symptoms. Now let us see what are the symptoms of non-paramedic, polio, and paralympic polio. So first we know the symptoms of nonparametric polio. Its symptoms are like flu and can last from 1 to 10 days. This can cause fever, headache, vomiting, fatigue, sore throat, and meningitis in the infected person. It is also called about polio.
Whereas paralysis, polio, is only one percent of total polio cases. It becomes a region of paralysis in the brain stem, spinal cord, or both. Its initial symptoms are similar to non-paramedic polio, but after a week more serious symptoms start appearing. These include loss of touch sensitivity, muscle spasms, difficulty breathing, swallowing, and speaking, and sudden paralysis which may be temporary or permanent. Such symptoms appear. In some rare cases, complete paralysis develops and sometimes the polio virus attacks the muscles that help with breathing. Death happens when this happens. You understand its seriousness, do you not? So we have come to know the symptoms of polio.
Now it is also important to know further that even after recovering from polio, polio can return and this can happen after 15 to 40 years of recovery from polio. This is called Post-Polio Syndrome in TPS. That is, if a child has had polio, then post-polio syndrome can develop in him when he grows up. It may have symptoms. Weakness in muscles and joints, fatigue easily. Having sleep-related breathing problems. Difficulty in breathing and swallowing. Difficulty tolerating cold temperatures. Weak concentration weak memory and depression.
After understanding the post-polio syndrome, come back to polio disease and know how the diagnosis is done for the diagnosis of polio. A healthcare provider or doctor performs a physical examination of the patient. Tests a sample of his body fluids and asks about symptoms. Body fluid samples include large stool and blood samples, and if the symptoms are severe, the fluid around the brain and spinal cord called cerebral spinal fluid is also taken. At this time the doctor must also be informed whether the patient has traveled anywhere recently or not. To make it easier to diagnose this disease, this is how polio is diagnosed.
After that comes the turn of treatment. How is it treated? Polio, There is no specific medicine for polio, is there? Physical therapy is given in the condition of Paralympic polio. Most people recover without long-lasting damage. But for someone who has muscle weakness or paralysis, it can be permanent. But the best way of prevention from polio is to get vaccinated and vaccination is used only in childhood.
And if a person has not been vaccinated in childhood, then he should consult his doctor or health care provider and you should know that there are two types of polio vaccine. Inactive Polio Vaccine i.e. IPV and Oral Polio Vaccine i.e. OPV which is also known as live vaccine. Inactive polio vaccine is used in most of the 5 countries of the world and OPV is used only in those 5 countries of the world where natural polio cases still occur today.
You should also know that every year on October 24, World Polio Day is celebrated to raise awareness about polio. There is also a special reason for celebrating World Polio Day on October 24 itself and that is John Salk was born on this day and John Salt developed the polio vaccine. And thus this video based on Polio disease ends here. With the completion of this video, you have come to know what is Polio, what is its infection, what are its symptoms, diagnosis and prevention are. This disease has been eradicated to a great extent and you also came to know that it can be prevented to a great extent by taking care of small things. And yes, not only children, but adults can also get polio.