Understanding Hepatitis B: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention - Hang UK Health

Understanding Hepatitis B: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Can you tell which is the largest solid internal organ of the human body? Yes, the liver is the largest and solid internal organ of our body which not only plays a role in digestion but also performs many important functions like detoxification, protein synthesis, and producing digestive enzymes. We can also assume that if our body were an automobile, the lever would be its engine. This means that for all these functions in the body to run properly, it is very important for the liver to remain healthy.

But if a virus infection causes inflammation in the liver, then it will be called a danger bell. Because it can be hepatitis B infection which can also damage the liver. In such a situation, we should know what is hepatitis B infection, how it occurs, how it occurs, what are its symptoms, and how it is diagnosed and treated. Are there any ways to avoid this? And if you haven’t seen the video on hepatitis yet, don’t miss it because hepatitis spreads the fastest and you should know the ways to prevent it, so definitely watch it.

Let’s start today’s video and learn about Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by hepatitis B virus. This infection attacks the liver and can also damage it. One out of every 3 people is infected with it and about 300 million people are living with chronic hepatitis B infection. This infection is stable, but still, about one million people lose their lives due to it every year. As such, there are five main hepatitis viruses, which are called hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. The way they are separated and the difference in their treatment separates them from each other. While Hepatitis A is the most contagious infection, Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection. It starts as an acute infection which lasts for a short period of time. But for people in whom this viral infection takes the form of chronic infection, it never goes back and they have to spend their life with it. Long-term liver inflammation can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure. Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver is completely damaged.

The alarming thing is that many people do not know that they are infected with hepatitis B for a long time, because they do not show any symptoms of infection. That’s why it is also called the silent epidemic. This infection can spread even without symptoms and in this way, people infected with Hepatitis B who are not aware of the infection, unknowingly go on spreading it rapidly and it increases. But the question is, how is this infection transmitted? So hepatitis B is transmitted through direct contact with infected blood or body fluids. This transmission most commonly occurs from an infected pregnant woman to her child, because there is a blood exchange between mother and child at the time of childbirth, and during this viral infection is passed from mother to her child, and the child is born with hepatitis. Gets infected with B.

Outside the human body, this virus can remain on the surface for at least seven days. Therefore, this infection can spread in many other ways. Such as from sterile medical or dental equipment. That is, medical equipment used in the treatment of one person to another, which are not cleaned. The infection reaches from one person to another. Apart from this, this transmission can also happen from unprotected sex and from sterile needles. This virus also lives in the saliva of an infected person, but it is not easily transmitted through saliva. This means it will not spread by coughing and sneezing of an infected person and it will not spread by sharing food. While changing your personal use items like razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers, and jewelry can also spread unknowingly hepatitis B infection. That is, if all these small-looking things are taken care of, then Hepatitis B can also be avoided. Yes, indeed, that’s why we must take care of all these things. Along with this, more and more people should also be told about it so that they too can avoid making such mistakes.

Let us now go ahead and get more information about this virus and liver infection caused by it and know the symptoms of this hepatitis B infection. A person infected with liver infection feels feverish nausea and abdominal pain. Loss of appetite, fatigue, joint pain. Jaundice, urine. Its symptoms are dark in color and light in color of stool. It is not necessary that all these symptoms appear in every infected person. If the immune system of the infected person fails to fight and defeat this virus, then this infection which starts from acute infection can also develop into chronic hepatitis B, that is, it can persist for a long time. Most adults do not develop chronic hepatitis B, but it is more common in young children. Acute infection can last from a few weeks to six months.

However, a chronic infection is often an infection that persists for a lifetime. In such a condition, the risk of getting infected with Hepatitis D also increases. Let me tell you that hepatitis D is such a hepatitis infection, which only affects people infected with hepatitis B. Hepatitis D can also occur in the situation of having chronic hepatitis B. This is called superinfection and at this time the pressure on the liver doubles, which can take the form of acute liver failure. This is a rare condition, but it is also life-threatening because, in acute liver failure, the liver suddenly stops working. This chronic liver inflammation can also take the form of cirrhosis.

When the injured liver tissues gradually turn into scar tissue and such scar tissues do not allow the liver to function, it leads to chronic liver failure. Apart from these, there can also be a risk of liver cancer. That is, Hepatitis B is a serious health issue, which can have a very bad effect on the liver and overall health. Therefore, now we should know how it is diagnosed and treated after the symptoms of this infection appear. So, at the time of diagnosis, after physically examining the infected person, the doctor asks about his health history and ascertains the risk of hepatitis infection by knowing whether someone in the family already has liver disease or not. After that, through a specific blood test, it is ascertained about hepatitis B infection whether the infection is acute or chronic. The patient had this infection earlier also. If needed, some more tests can also be done and a liver biopsy may also be required, in which a small piece of liver tissue is extracted through injection and examined.

Now know about its treatment. So there is no specific medication for acute hepatitis B infection and most people do not even need treatment, as it gets better in some time. While a number of medications are prescribed for the treatment of chronic infections, these may vary from person to person according to their condition and risk factors. That’s why only prescribed medicines should be taken after consulting a doctor. If the condition has progressed to cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer, surgery is needed to remove the infected parts of the liver.

The good thing is that the human liver can regenerate and come back to its previous size and there are many ways to prevent hepatitis B infection, the first way to prevent it is vaccination. Apart from this, do not share personal items and it can be avoided by keeping the habit of safe sex. And then awareness is also spread to protect against all infectious diseases of this hepatitis group. By celebrating World Hepatitis Day every year on 28th July so that more and more people can know about hepatitis and encourage its diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, you too should be aware.

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