Do you take care of your health? Now this question may seem a bit tricky. But do you try to adopt a healthy lifestyle and do you know the health of your heart? Do you know whether your heart is healthy or not? We all know how common heart disease has become and the most common heart disease is Coronary Artery Disease in short CAD. This is also called ischemic heart disease and heart disease.
In many people, the sign of the disease is even on the hand. This means you are understanding how big the risk is for life. Even after knowing this, we remain careless. Don’t you find it strange? You will definitely think about whether we should adopt a healthy lifestyle or not and now know about heart disease. So let’s start and know what is this CAD i.e. Coronary Artery Disease and why it happens. The arteries that supply blood to our heart and other body parts are called coronary arteries. When plaque accumulates in the walls of the arteries, the arteries narrow.
In such a condition, instead of the blood flow being complete, either it gets blocked slightly or it gets blocked completely. That is, the narrowing or blockage of the coronary artery is the reason for CAD because in this case blood, oxygen, and nutrients are not able to reach the heart through blood flow, which causes chest pain and shortness of breath. This chest pain is called angina and if the arteries are completely blocked, the blood flow stops completely, which can lead to a heart attack.
But how do arteries get blocked? That is, what is this plaque? Due to our unhealthy eating habits, the cholesterol and fatty material that sticks to the walls of the arteries are called plaques. This means we deliberately prepare to block our hearts by eating such food. And then this disease develops over a long period of time. Unnotice remains for a long time and when problems like blockage or heart attack occur, then it is known that the blood supply in the heart is not getting proper.
Now if we understand the function of the coronary artery, then perhaps the process of occurrence of this disease can also be easily understood. So let’s know about the coronary artery. Coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle so that it can pump continuously. These arteries are only above the heart muscle. There are four main coronary arteries in our body, Right Coronary Artery, Left Coronary Artery, Anterior, Defending Artery, and Left Flax Arteries.
Now the question arises What is the effect on these arteries in Coronary Artery Disease? In this disease, plaque builds up inside the arteries and this condition is called atherosclerosis. On the plate is a hybrid of cholesterol, fatty substances, waste products, calcium, and plot-forming substances. This plaque continues to build up on the artery walls, causing the artery to narrow and harden. That is, plaque can damage the arteries because it does not allow proper blood flow to the heart muscles.
In many cases, the plaque may break, or rupture, and when this happens, platelets, which are a type of blood cell, try to repair the artery, forming a blood clot and the arteries of this plot. The blood cannot flow through it, due to which there is chest pain and difficulty in breathing. They can have heart week due to lack of oxygen, which can lead to regular heartbeat. It is also called slow and can lead to heart failure. This would mean that the heart nerve is not able to pump blood according to the body’s needs.
Now if it is clear under which conditions there is a high risk of disease, then we can be prepared to prevent it. That’s why let’s know about the risk factors of Coronary Artery Disease. Its risk increases with age. Even if someone in the family is suffering from this disease, its risk increases. Apart from these, there are high cholesterol and triglycerides. Responsible for making plates and high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, smoking, alcohol, metabolic syndrome, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, sleep pain and conditions of stress, depression, and anger increase the risk of this disease.
That’s why it is necessary to protect them and what should be done for protection? Eat food that is low in trans fat, saturated fat, simple sugar, and sodium. If you have a habit of smoking, then quit it. Try the list today and from now on. Start being active. Maintain a healthy weight. Learn to manage stress. Alcohol is not good. Understand this thing very well and if you have any kind of problem, then consult a doctor so that according to your body, the doctor can give the right suggestion and if necessary, diet the problem on time. Can do it even today.
During the diagnosis, along with checking, you will be asked about your symptoms, risk, and family history and some tests can also be done. Such as an electrocardiogram i.e. an ECG which measures the electrical activity of the heart. Can also detect heart damage. Chest X-ray and blood tests to check your blood sugar, cholesterol triglycerides ie fat levels. A cardiac cath session is also done if required. In which a flexible tube called a catheter is passed through a common or lacunar blood vessel to the heart. Dye is injected through this catheter and then through X-ray videos, doctors look inside the heart and find out the condition.
After the diagnosis, now we know about the treatment, so the treatment varies from case to case. Depending on the condition of the patient, the doctor may prescribe medicines, which may include blood clotting medicines, beta-blockers, EC inhibitors, and acid inhibitors. If there is blockage or narrowing of the arteries, then through angioplasty the blocked or road arteries are opened. If needed, coronary artery bypass grafting is also done, which is a type of surgery. So you have seen, about the region, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment process of Coronary Artery Disease, Now you must understand how important a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle are to enjoy life to the fullest.
Because if the heart is safe then only we can live life freely. That’s why friends and small eating habits have to be changed. Don’t give up at once, slowly, slowly, slowly. For example, fried, processed foods and baked foods have to be stopped in express and fiber-rich foods like frozen cheese, whole grains, and beans have to be started happily. Salt and sugar have to be given very little space in our plate so that health can get maximum space in our plate so that our heart remains safe.
Be happy and yes, you have to start regular exercise too, but keeping in mind your capacity, you can also start your healthy routine after consulting a doctor. And there is a need to say a big NO to smoking and alcohol because Zindagi Milegi Na Dobara.