You must have heard about radiology often or a little too much. Or are you saying that yes there is complete information but not complete? Then invest some of your time in this Article because it is a branch of medicine that uses imaging technology to diagnose and treat diseases. It is very important for the diagnosis of diseases like cancer because without a diagnosis there can be no treatment and without treatment the disease cannot be cured.
In the year 1985, Wilhelm Conrad discovered a new type of radiation, which he named X-ray. Through this technique, he became the first person who could see inside the body. It was a unique experience for him and he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1901 for this discovery. And see today how useful imaging techniques like X-rays are proving to be in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and any medical condition can also be detected through radiology using such imaging techniques. Like detecting lung cancer and through this blood clots can also be removed from an artery. It also includes giving radiation therapy to treat cancer. So you have seen the importance of radiology. Also called diagnostic imaging, it is a series of tests that take images of different parts of the body.
Many of these tests allow doctors to see inside the body, such as X-rays, MRIs, CT scans, and PET scans, and medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of health conditions and injuries using imaging equipment are called radiologists. Are. There are three types of radiology: diagnostic radiology, interventional radiology, and radiation oncology or therapy.
And if you want to know about these three types of radiology then stay with us so that you can get basic but important knowledge related to your health very easily. So let’s go ahead and know about all the three types of radiology one by one. First of all, know about diagnostic radiology. Diagnostic radiology helps to visualize structures inside the body. Doctors who are specialized in interpreting the images obtained from this are called diagnostic radiologists. Using these diagnostic images, a radiologist or physician can determine the cause of a patient’s symptoms. One can monitor how the body is responding to treatment, and screen for diseases such as breast cancer, colon cancer, and heart disease.
There are many methods available to obtain images to screen, diagnose, and monitor medical conditions. Like number one X-ray, X-ray is any other painless test, which produces images of the structures inside the body. For example, it is often used to detect fractures or broken bones of bones and soft tissues. Apart from this, it is also used to diagnose many injuries, disorders, and diseases.
Number two is a CT scan i.e. computer tomography. In this, the image inside the body is reduced by using X-ray technology. It shows detailed images of bones, muscles, organs, and blood vessels. It can also be used in tissue, biopsy, and fluid biopsy. MRI i.e. Magnetic Resonance Imaging at number three. This imaging technique uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce images inside the body. This is an effective test for evaluating the brain, spinal cord nodes, and breast tissue, and soft tissues.
Ultrasound comes at number four. In this, sound waves are used to produce moving images of a part of the body. This is used for examining the fetus during pregnancy. Apart from this, it is possible to evaluate heart valves, and heart motion through heart ultrasound. Similarly, breast ultrasound can detect breast cysts. At number five comes fluorescent copy. In this, moving images of the body are created using X-rays. Nuclear medicine scans at number six. It is also called nuclear imaging. In this method, a small amount of radiation is used to take images of the tissues, bones, and organs inside the body.
Five CAN i.e. military tron emission tomography, SP CT scan i.e. single photon emission computer tomography, and thyroid scan are nuclear medicine scans only. Molecular imaging is at number seven. Through this medical imaging, detailed images of the changes taking place inside the body at the molecular and cellular levels are taken. After diagnostic radiology with CT fusion, Joule energy, CT, and optical imaging similar techniques, now let’s talk about second time interventional radiology of radiology.
Cancer and such without interventional radiology major surgery. Conditions are diagnosed and treated. Interventional radiologists often treat cancerous tumors. Treats blockage of arteries and veins. Similarly, these specialists are also involved in treating back pain, liver problems, and kidney problems. When doctors diagnose conditions inside the body through imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI, they perform treatment using small tools such as needles, tubes, catheters, and wires. During this, very small cuts can also be made to send the tools into the body. Using this technology, doctors can detect and treat disease in almost every part of the body, instead of looking inside the body through a camera or open surgery.
Well, there can be some such conditions. Number one is to detect and open a blocked blood vessel because blocked blood vessels in the heart, legs, and lungs can be treated with interventional procedures. The second is also the blockage in the coronary artery. Treatment can be done through angiography, angioplasty, and stent placement.
Number three is on blood clots in the veins of the legs or pelvis, clots, blasting, medications that are from latex can be injected into the vein through a catheter, and then a stent can be placed. This condition is called deep vein thrombosis. Interventional radiology at number four can also be used to block a blood vessel.
At number five, interventional radiology also controls hemorrhage i.e. building inside the body. The blood vessels can be blocked to stop the bleeding. A stent may be placed. Balloon can be used to apply pressure and bleeding can be controlled by applying many other such methods. Radiologists can also perform several biopsy procedures, such as needle biopsy and stereo-technique biopsy. In this way, interventional radiology also has many users and after that, there is a third type of radiology.
Radiation therapy is a form of cancer treatment that uses radiation to kill cancer cells and prevent them from growing. About 80% of cancer patients are those who take some kind of radiation therapy and it is of many types such as external beam radiotherapy. In this radiotherapy, radiation is given from outside the body. In this, high-energy rays are given through the machine by making the patient lie on the table so that cancer cells can be destroyed and the tumor can be shrunk.
Number two is Brachy Therapy. There is a type of internal radiation that uses radiation to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors. This radiation comes in the form of seizure ribbons and wires and is placed near cancer cells inside the body.
The third is proton beam therapy. This is also a type of radiation therapy, in which protons are used instead of X-rays. There is a therapy used to cure many types of cancer. So in this way, you have come to know what is radiology and what are its three types. You also understood that radiology is not just limited to X-ray or CT scans, rather it is a very broad area. It can also be used to diagnose injuries and medical conditions, and treatment is also possible.
However, there are many side effects and risks of this radiology. Therefore, whenever there is a need to apply radiology procedures, then you should know about its benefits and risks from your doctor and radiologist, and if there is a possible alternative, then you should also find out about them so that you can protect yourself from any kind of side effects. This can be done and a safe method can be chosen.